Supernatural Magazine

Paranormal Review Editorial 84 SPR (2018)

Photography, Art and the Representation of the Paranormal

The lights dimmed, the audience were on the edges of their seats (or, at least, in their seats), except for the absence of a drum roll, everything was set for the announcement of the winner and runners-up of the Paranormal Review’s Photography Competition. The announcement was made at this year’s conference at the De Vere Estate in Horsley before being made public – another good reason to attend the conference, or two good reasons if one includes the fantastic setting of the De Vere Estate. It was the first time that the Paranormal Review had run a photography competition – as far as I am aware, it is the first time that the Society for Psychical Research has run a photography competition – so it was with an understandable degree of trepidation that I embarked on the process.

The question of the paranormal and photography had brought the SPR and long-term member Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to loggerheads in 1922 when Harry Price’s exposure of William Hope’s fraudulent spirit photography was published in the Journal. Conan Doyle later indignantly resigned over the SPR’s continued publishing of sceptical articles. I therefore stressed that the competition was about photography as an art form and not about photography as a means of capturing supposed evidence of the paranormal, even so, many photographs were submitted purporting to show something paranormal in nature – one such photograph won second place – but I still must stress that such photographs were judged on artist grounds.

Of invaluable help was Dr Michael Pritchard, a Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and Chief Executive of the Royal Photographic Society – if anyone should know how to run a photography competition successfully, this was the man. What is more, he is familiar with the photography collection in the SPR’s archive. It was also Dr Pritchard who pointed me towards Olympus as a possible sponsor for the event and, after some negotiation, Olympus’s Brand Manager, Mark Thackara, generously offered to provide a prize for our winner.

I was also delighted that Dr Pritchard agreed to be a judge and I was just as delighted to secure the participation of the rest of the judging panel, all of them experts in the field of photography and the paranormal. The SPR’s Communications Officer Dr Tom Ruffles (also an Associate of the Royal Photographic Society) and the SPR’s Archivist Dr Melvyn Willin are already well-known to readers of the Paranormal Review for good reasons; and Andreas Fischer, Curator of Photographs at the Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene in Freiburg, and the photographer Shannon Taggart, Artist and Scholar in Residence at the Morbid Anatomy Museum in New York, have well-deserved international reputations.

The Competition inspired me to reach out to others working in the field of images and the paranormal. The result can be seen in the interesting articles from Dr Susan Barnes, Susan MacWilliam and Dr Grace Williams. Fortuitously, this approach also coincided with the publication of Dr David Clarke’s latest book UFO Drawings from the National Archives and he kindly consented to telling us more about this exciting new publication.

Dr Graham Kidd reports on the 100th anniversary conference of the Norwegian Parapsychological Society in Oslo, where he presented a memento on behalf of the SPR to mark the event. As always, Brandon Hodge completes this issue with another foray into the history of spirit communication devices. ψ

Dr Leo Ruickbie

Editor, Paranormal Review


‘Art of the Impossible’ Special Feature

8 Capturing the Parnormal

Dr Leo Ruickbie presents the winner, runners-up and shortlisted entries from the Paranormal Review’s first Photography Competition, sponsored by Olympus and judged by an international panel of experts.

16 Supernatural Vessels

Artist and academic Dr Grace Williams discusses female mediumship in the light of feminist theory, illustrated with her own artistic representations based on historical sources.

21 Spirit Art

Artist, medium and teacher, Dr Susan Barnes explores the new interest in mediumistic art in the context of her own art praxis.

24 Modern Experiments

Artist Susan MacWilliam gives us an insight into her retrospective exhibition ‘Modern Experiments’ and the para-psychological sources of her inspiration.

26 Unidentified Flying Art

Dr David Clarke talks about his new book on drawings of UFOs.

4 President’s Letter

The current President of the Society, Prof. John Poynton, considers the impact of two previous philosopher-presidents, F.C.S Schiller and L.P. Jacks.

6 Permanent Paranormal Object

Dr Peter Hewitt illuminates the dark history of another unusual exhibit from the Museum of Witchcraft and Magic in Cornwall: the ‘Wondrous Candle’, a supposedly magical implement discovered by the Museum’s founder Cecil Williamson.

7 Ex Libris

SPR Librarian Karen Patel details recent library acquisitions, including N. Riley Heagerty’s Portraits from Beyond and others.

28 Conscious of Limits

SPR Council Member Dr Graham Kidd reports on the 100th anniversary conference of the Norwegian Parapsychological Society in Oslo this year.

34 Ghosts in the Machines

Brandon Hodge finds new evidence from his favourite medium of the past, James A. Bliss.

The Paranormal Review is part of the benefits of being a member of the Society for Psychical Research.


Paranormal Review is sent free to members of the Society for Psychical Research. It is also available to non-members for a yearly subscription of £20.00, including post and packing in the UK. Contact

Back Issues

Members have access to previous editions of the Psi Researcher and Paranormal Review via the online library. Some back issues are also available for purchase at £5.00 per copy, including post and packing within the UK (outside the UK additional postage costs apply). Contact under ‘publications’.


The SPR welcomes members of the general public, as well as students and researchers in all disciplines, to join. Membership does not imply acceptance of any particular opinion concerning the nature or reality of the phenomena examined, and the Society holds no corporate views. The minimum age for joining is 1 6, with reduced subscriptions for students, couples and senior citizens. To renew or apply for membership please visit the website at, telephone the Secretary, Peter Johnson, on 020 7937 8984, or email


Features, articles, letters, experiences, notices, reports and reviews should be sent by email to Dr Leo Ruickbie at Material can also be posted to the editor at 1 Vernon Mews, London W1 4 0RL. Please mark envelopes ‘Paranormal Review’. Full submission guidelines can be found on the SPR website at under ‘publications’.

The Society for Psychical Research

The SPR was the first organisation established to examine allegedly paranormal phenomena using scientific principles. Our aim is to learn more about events and abilities commonly described as ‘psychic’ or ‘paranormal’ by supporting research, sharing information and encouraging debate. The SPR is a Registered Charity, established in 1882.

Leo Ruickbie

Leo Ruickbie

Dr Leo Ruickbie specializes in controversial areas of human belief and experience. An elected member of the Royal Historical Society with a PhD from King’s College, London, he is the author of six books on the history and sociology of witchcraft, magic and the supernatural. His work has been mentioned in the media from The Guardian to Radio Jamaica, and is cited in the current student book for A-Level Sociology in the UK. He is the editor of the Paranormal Review, the magazine of the Society for Psychical Research, and can be found at